July 9 & 23, 2017
Focus: Using Maps and Visuals to understand the early Colonial period (1600-1700)
Location: Boston Harbor Hotel, Mapping Boston Collection
Participants get to know one another and the workshop organizers, learn about the week ahead, view important maps of New England from the 1600s, and enjoy a view of Boston Harbor. Norman B. Leventhal curator Ronald Grim will introduce maps on display that will be important to the workshop’s explorations, especially 1624 and 1635 maps by John Smith of New England and a 1677 map by John Foster that appeared in William Hubbard’s A Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in New England. These maps will provide a framework for the week to come.
July 10 & 24, 2017
Focus: The New World in the European Imagination & Creation of an Atlantic World; New Worlds Connecting: Europeans, Native Americans and Africans; Using Maps and Visuals to understand the early Colonial period (1600-1700)
Location: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (MFA)
10:00-10:15 AM - Introduction to Museum of Fine Arts & Overview of Day
Instructor: Len von Morzé, Associate Professor of English, UMass Boston
Using maps (such as a 1601 Spanish map of the West Indies) and texts and images from Thomas Harriot’s A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia (1588), participants trace the role of New England in the context of the Atlantic World and discuss the relationship between text and image in the context of Native American and European encounters.
Instructor: Suzi Fonda, Manager of Teacher Programs, MFA
In this session, participants will visit the MFA’s collection of 17th century European art and explore how paintings from Spain, Italy, France, England and the Netherlands reflected the interests and values of each culture. Participants will also visit the Museum’s collection of the art of the Colonial Americas, and examine how these works were influenced both by imports from Europe as well as the particular landscape and evolving identity of the American colonies. The session will also provide practical ideas for engaging students of all grade levels with works of art, including an introduction to Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS), a research-based methodology for discussing images.
1:00-2:00 PM - Lunch on your own (museum café available)
Instructor: Ronald Grim, Curator, Norman B. Leventhal Map Center
Discussion of the process of surveying and mapmaking the terrain of 1600s New England. How did mapmakers get their information? What was the physical process of mapmaking like and how were they shared. How can these maps be interpreted and examined for the conflicts that resulted from the European colonization and settlement of the region? Participants will examine place names (the idea of “town”) and the gradual transformation of a physical landscape inhabited by a hunting and gathering culture to the more intensive use of that landscape by an agricultural and sedentary culture. Participants will explore the range of maps available digitally from various online collections.
In consultation with Ronald Grim, Suzi Fonda, and lead teacher advisor Natacha Scott, participants will explore digital collections and return to galleries as they develop ideas for final projects.
July 11 & 25, 2017
Focus: First Contact: Settlement of Pilgrims at Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colony; Early relationships of English settlers with Native Americans
Location: Plimoth Plantation, Plymouth MA
8:00-9:00 AM - Travel by bus to Plimoth Plantation
9:30-10:30 AM - Orientation and overview: 17th century English village and Wampanoag village
Instructor: Plimoth Plantation Educators
Plimoth Plantation has built the lives of the people they portray from the ground up, using pictures and writing from the time, as well as experimental archaeology. What parts of the village are based on primary sources from the early colonists, and what parts are our best guesses? Discovery of what can be learned from a falling-down house or a broken pipkin (earthenware cooking pot), while looking at sources that describe the everyday landscape of the Pilgrim’s world. Participants will then try their hand at some of the tasks that artisans did in the 17th century.
Participants will feast on typical Wampanoag and English dishes from the 1600s. A Plimoth food historian will discuss the foodways of both cultures and how each adapted to the other.
1:00-1:15 PM - Travel to Downtown Plymouth
Instructor: Plimoth Plantation Educators
Walk in the footsteps of the Pilgrims in this downtown tour of modern Plymouth. How has the landscape been altered, and what can we learn from those changes? What remains the same, and how can we use that to understand the cultures and people that came before us?
3:00-4:00 PM - Group Discussion of Themes from Days 1 & 2
4:00-5:00 PM - Travel back to Boston
July 12 & 26, 2017
Focus: Early Relationships of English Settlers with Native Americans; Pequot and King Philip’s War in New England; Using Primary Sources in the Classroom
Location: Massachusetts Historical Society (MHS) & Norman B. Leventhal Map Center (LMC)
Dividing into grade levels, participants will make connections between what they teach and workshop sources and themes. Discussion of final project ideas with project directors and lead teacher advisor.
Instructor: Lisa Brooks, Assoc. Prof. of English & American Studies, Amherst College & Chair, Five College Native American & Indigenous Studies Program
Participants will explore ideas of nationhood for both Europeans and Native Americans through the history of the Pequot (1636-37) and King Philip's (1675-76) Wars, with a focus on texts from this time that are first person accounts of this history, such as A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson (1682) (a rare example of a woman’s voice from this time) and John Easton’s A Relation of the Indian War. What can we infer from the study of these texts along with maps of New England about conceptualizations of space, land, power and community?
(Group splits in half then switches—15 minute walk/subway between sites)
Instructor: Michelle LeBlanc, Director of Education, LMC & Margaret Pearce, Assoc. Professor of Geography at Univ. of Kansas
Using maps teachers have been introduced to earlier as well as new examples, they will engage in small group work studying one map in depth or comparing two or more maps to identify multiple perspectives and values, engage in critical thinking and construct arguments, just as they would have their students do in the classroom. Participants come away with practical tips for using these unique primary sources.
Instructor: Kathleen Barker, Assistant Director of Education and Public Programs, MHS
Teachers will examine primary sources that connect to the development of political and religious institutions in New England and King Philip's War. Sources include John Winthrop's diaries, as well as several letters between Winthrop and William Bradford in Plymouth, that speak to the establishment of both religious and political "boundaries" (both literal and figurative) in the early 1600s. After each group shares its findings, the program will end with a discussion of the legacies of the war, including how it is remembered (or not) on the landscape, in historical memory, and in K-12 classrooms.
2:30-2:45 PM - Groups Switch Locations (15 minute walk/subway between sites)
2:45-4:30 PM - Group Activities Reversed
4:30-6:30 PM - Break/Dinner on your own
Using maps and other visual sources compare Boston of today with its appearance at the time of its founding. While the landscape has changed dramatically, we can still find clues remaining all around us.
July 13 & 27, 2017
Focus: Native American History of New England
Location: Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center, Mashantucket, CT (MPMRC)
8:00-10:00 AM - Travel by bus to Mashantucket Pequot Museum
Instructor: Kevin McBride, Ph.D., & David Naumec, Mashantucket Pequot MuseumThe MPMRC has an extensive collection of original and digital sources on Native and Colonial history as well as extensive ethnographic and archaeological collections from the 1600s-1800s. Teachers will gain knowledge and ideas to prompt students to examine both the perspectives of Europeans and Native Americans in this period. Indigenous speakers (Passamaquoddy and Mashantucket Pequot tribes) will lead educators through the exhibits and discuss the Pequot’s history before and after Colonial settlement.
Instructor: Margaret Pearce, Studio 1:1 LLC
Participants will engage in a study of colonial land records, using them as a significant primary source for uncovering the invisible or silenced back stories of New England towns. Dr. Pearce focuses on the idea that dispossession of Native lands in New England occurred through land sales and looks at how Native Americans and colonists first mapped land together. Teachers will learn how to read the handwriting of the records as well as how to work with both historic and contemporary topographical maps to plot the place names and boundaries of the land sales.
Instructor: Kevin McBride, Ph.D., & David Naumec, Mashantucket Pequot Museum
A short distance from the museum lies one of the battlefields from the Pequot War and the remains of a 17th century fort. Participants will explore this landscape and archaeological excavations that took place to uncover their stories.
4:30 - Return to Boston
July 14 & 28, 2017
Focus: Early relationships of English settlers with Native Americans; Pequot and King Philip’s War in New England
Location: Leventhal Map Center & Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area
Instructor: Paul Grant-Costa, Ph.D., J.D., The Yale Indian Papers ProjectThe Yale Indian Papers Project (YIPP) is an NEH supported documentary editing endeavor and collaborative digital humanities research initiative with the mission to advance scholarship on the history and culture of New England Native Americans. Primary source documents are drawn from archives in New England and the United Kingdom. Materials will include items about the beginning of England’s American colonial project as seen through the lens of the minutes of London’s Council for New England and span to King Philips War. The session is also intended to provide teachers information on how to discuss the topics of exploration and colonial war in their classrooms.
Participants discuss final primary source portfolios and related lesson plans
Instructor: National Park Service Rangers and Paul J. Grant-Costa, Ph.D.
The remainder of the day will be spent exploring the founding of Boston and its connection to the Native American presence on the Boston harbor islands, especially the internment of over 1000 Christian Indians during King Philip’s War in 1675. The islands have special significance to local Native Americans today, as commemorated in a memorial on Deer Island. The Boston Harbor Islands have always served different purposes for different populations. While on the boat tour, view several other islands (Spectacle, Thompson) where digs unearthed archaeological remains.